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Hiring employees

Recruiting is a big step for all small businesses, but taking on your first staff member is a special milestone. 

It’s a cliché, but good people can be your most valuable asset. They bring knowledge, experience, enthusiasm, desire and commitment to the mix, while employing the wrong person can prove disruptive and costly. 

Only take on staff if there’s a genuine business need and other options (such as temporary staff) aren’t viable. 

Job descriptions and person specs 

Begin by deciding a job title and writing a job description, which details the contribution the role – not ‘the person’ – must make to your business. List main tasks, responsibilities and objectives, as well as wages, hours, location and basis (ie full time, part time, fixed term or temporary). 

Now write a person specification, but focus purely on the job’s requirements. Include knowledge, skills and qualifications – essential and desirable. During recruitment, you can’t discriminate on grounds of race, gender, marital status, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion or belief, etc. 

Writing a job description and person specification will help when advertising the post and assessing/interviewing applicants.  

Advertising for staff 

Advertise only where you’ll reach likely candidates. Advertising jobs online is popular, effective and cheaper than newspapers, etc.

Recruitment agencies are another option, but they can be expensive. Usually, you pay a percentage of the placed employee’s first-year salary. It’s free and effective to advertise via Employer Direct Online, however, you could simply place a notice in the window of your premises or (depending on the job) just ask around. Advertising in the local paper remains popular and effective. 

An effective job advert sells the position and the business. If you’re writing the ad, the job title should come first, then key elements of the job description and person spec, together with a concise description of your business.

Include a salary range, so you can vary your final offer depending on suitability. Tell people how to apply and include contact details and a closing date. Keep the language simple and concise, and remember – don’t discriminate, however unintentionally. 

Interviewing candidates  

Sending out job application forms can be expensive. However, an application form makes it easier to compare candidates. Consider posting your application form on your website or ask candidates to write in with a covering letter and CV. Compare these against the post’s requirements and person specification. Shortlist candidates whose experience, knowledge and skills match those you seek. 

Invite shortlisted candidates to interview, but don’t see more than four people a day, because your attention is likely to wane. Pre-plan your questions and pick ones that require more than one-word answers (you've got to get candidates to talk). 

Remain professional, yet friendly throughout interviews, as candidates will be nervous. Introduce yourself and your business and briefly explain how the interview will pan out. Explain the job and then ask your questions. Take any questions from candidates at the end and tell them when you will decide who will get the job and how they’ll be informed. 

Making your decision  

Take brief notes throughout all interviews and draw together your thoughts afterwards. Judge interviewees fairly on evidence they provide. If you can’t decide, ask people back for a second interview. 

When you’ve decided who you want to employ, write to all interviewees to thank them and tell them your decision. Keep details of more promising candidates, as you might need more people in the future. Telephone to congratulate your new employee and send them a letter confirming your offer and terms of employment. Now you can prepare to welcome them into your business.

More on this topic:

Find more articles, videos and tools in the Resources box on the right.

You can also find further information and resources on the legal aspects of recruitment and employment contracts on the Law Donut.